Exhaust system basics
Seen way to many people posting mis-informed information to people asking questions about exhaust systems, so ill take the time to explain.
First, an exhaust system is nothing more than a way to remove spent exhaust gases from the combustin chamber. anytime u can improve the flow through out the exhaust system, u increase its efficency.
id like to address the most common myth, back pressure.
what is back pressure? it is any restriction in an exhaust system and rescrictions is bad. peroid. u want the smoothest and quickest way to remove spent exhaust out of the engine. this in turn leads to mtyh #2...
removing a muffler(s)/cat(s) will result in less back pressure and less power. this is false. while it may not sound as good or be as good for the enviroment, removing the muffler (i do not recommend removing the cats) is a great idea...some opt to not replace it with an aftermarket one, others do. most of ur turbo or glass pack style mufflers (magnaflow, dynomax, borla, bassani, etc) are the best way to accomplish this. they are a straight through design so they will flow optimal but also keep the noise down. think about it like this, running a straight though muffler is just like running no muffler, just one has sound absorption material inside. also, chambered mufflers like flowmasters arent best to run for optimal performance due to the chambered design.
next myth is increasing exhaust size tubing. general u want to increase ur exhaust size one step over stock for most unmodified to mildly modified engines. anything larger and u begin to slow down the exhaust gas velocity and loose the scavanging effect. u do not loose power by removing back pressuse but by reducing the exhaust gas volocity by increasing its overall suface area. for a single exhaust on most rangers 2 1/2" is adaquate, for dual 2 1/4" is optimal (that is for a single in/dual out muffler).
Remember, an exhaust system needs to be tuned for peak scavanging, heat draw and efficency. so please, say no to back pressure.
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