No, fuel injection has no "jets" to suck fuel out of so idle screw wouldn't work.
There is the throttle plate screw on some fuel injected engines, it serves two purposes, neither of which is for idle speed.
It is to adjust minimum air flow past throttle plate and TPS(throttle position sensor) voltage
Fuel injection engines use an IAC(idle air control) Valve, it is located on the upper intake near the throttle plate.
It sits on an air passage that by-passes the throttle plate, computer operates this valve to set target idle speeds.