New Rangers TPMS System
Very defined for everyone so they get a better idea of how they work.
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
The TPMS includes:
the smart junction box (SJB), TPMS functionality is integrated within the SJB.
four tire pressure sensors.
four tire pressure sensor cradles.
four tire pressure sensor straps.
an instrument cluster indicator.
a message center (if equipped).
TPMS System Module
The SJB contains the TPMS functionality. Refer to Tire Monitoring System; Testing and Inspection for TPMS fault diagnosis and repair.
The SJB compares the information of each tire pressure sensor transmission against a pressure limit.
If the SJB determines that the tire pressure has fallen below the low limit, the SJB communicates this to the instrument cluster on the vehicle communication bus.
TPMS Pressure Sensor
The SJB monitors the air pressure in the 4 road tires with tire pressure sensors. The sensors transmit radio frequency (RF) signals to the SJB approximately every 60 seconds when the vehicle speed exceeds 32 km/h (20 mph).
The tire pressure sensors are battery operated and are mounted to metal brackets (called cradles) on the wheels inside the tires. The sensors are mounted 180 degrees from the valve stem.
The tire pressure sensor can be serviced separately from the cradle and the strap.
TPMS Pressure Sensor Cradle
The tire pressure sensor cradles are mounted to the wheels with metal straps and have an adhesive strip to aid in their retention to the wheel. To service the sensor cradle, the strap must also be removed.
TPMS Pressure Sensor Strap
The sensor strap is what keeps the sensor and the cradle retained to the wheel. A factory-installed strap is joined together with a one-time use buckle and a dealer-installed strap is joined together with a worm gear (similar to a radiator hose clamp). Both straps should be discarded after removal and should not be re-used.
The strap can be serviced separately from the sensor and the cradle. The sensor is available separately from the cradle and the strap. The cradle and strap are available as a strap kit. There are several different strap kits available based on wheel diameter, all strap kits share the same base part number.
Instrument Cluster and Message Center
The instrument cluster illuminates the TPMS indicator when it receives a message from the SJB to do so and displays the appropriate message(s) in the message center (if equipped). The instrument cluster and message center have separate diagnostic and repair procedures.