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Old 01-21-2014
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Question with subs

Hey guys. Right now I've got a 10 inch kicker sub with a 250-350 watt amp that came with my truck when I bought it. I also have a 12 inch sony sub that I'd like to install. Can I hook up both of those subs to that one amp? Or is that too much or would it just be a bad idea? Thanks.
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Old 01-21-2014
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It depends upon a few different things, the specs on the amp and the speakers and the way the speakers are wired. The ohm rating on the speakers plays into this and whether or not the amp can handle the load. alot of amps can only handle a 8ohm or 4 ohm load. also some subs are single coil and some are dual voice coil, all of this comes into play when wiring up your subs and if they are compatible with each other etc. take a look at this article here.
Subwoofer Wiring Diagrams

Last edited by smcasey88; 01-21-2014 at 12:25 PM. Reason: grammar correction
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Old 01-21-2014
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Is it a two channel amp that is bridged, or a one channel amp?

If a one channel then no you should not hook up the other sub, you would have to do it in series and would lose the "kick".

If a two channel amp then yes, remove the bridge and run one sub on each channel.

A speaker doesn't "draw power" from an amp, the amp powers the speaker, so the bigger concern would be to hook up a speaker rated at 150watts to a 300watt amp.

But the amp is effected by the impedance of the speaker, 0 ohms is a dead short which will burn out the transformer on an amp.
Speakers are usually 8 ohms and on a heavy bass note might drop to 6ohms
Subs are often 4 ohms and will drop to 2 ohms when thumping, lol.
So they get close to shorting.
But here is the conundrum, the closer you get to 0 ohms the more power you get, i.e. 0 resistance = FULL POWER, which is why subs are often 4 ohms.

Hooking up multiple speakers
If you hook up two 8 ohm speakers to one amp(one channel) and use + and + on one terminal and - and - on the other terminal this is call parallel wiring.
But what you get and what the amp sees is 8ohm + 8ohm = 4ohms
If this amp is rated for 6-8ohms then if you ever turn it up it will probably fail.
If it is a amp rated for 4ohms then that will be fine.

If you wire two 8ohm speakers like this:

amp---(+)Speaker(-)-------(+)speaker(-)---amp

This is called series wired and amp sees 16ohms, which would not cause an issue BUT OHMs are power, so you basically have cut a 200watt at 8ohm amp down to 100watts.
The new Digital amps often don't like any ohms out of their range so 16ohms could cause them to fail over time.

And series wiring shouldn't be used if you have two or three way speakers, these have built in crossovers which would not play well together, won't hurt anything just less sound quality.

So paralleling two 4ohm subs would get you ..........2 ohms at the amp, big bass note hits and........0ohms DEAD SHORT you lose, lol.
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Old 01-21-2014
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Here is the formula for calculating resistance on a parallel circuit.
R= resistance in ohms

1
-------------------- = total resistance
1/R + 1/R + 1/R

Resistance in a parallel circuit will always be lower than the lowest resistor.
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Old 01-22-2014
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Thanks! I'll check into it this weekend!
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