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Battery light would have also been on, and of course the water pump, the big thing, would not have been working, so engine would have started to overheat within 4 to 5 minutes
How long was the engine running without a water pump?
If it got very hot I am sure who ever was driving it would have noticed that.
But yes overheated engine blows heads gaskets, cracks heads and can cause spun main bearings.
Is it an automatic or Manual trans?
If manual try bump starting
If auto get a socket wrench that fits crank bolt and see if you can turn crank